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Facebook Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2020 Results


MENLO PARK, Calif., Jan. 27, 2021 /PRNewswire/ — Facebook, Inc. (Nasdaq: FB) today reported financial results for the quarter and full year ended December 31, 2020.

“We had a strong end to the year as people and businesses continued to use our services during these challenging times,” said Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook founder and CEO. “I’m excited about our product roadmap for 2021 as we build new and meaningful ways to create economic opportunity, build community and help people just have fun.”

 Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2020 Financial Highlights


Three Months Ended December 31,


Year-over-
Year %
Change


Year Ended December 31,


Year-over-
Year %
Change


In millions, except percentages and











per share amounts

2020


2019



2020


2019



Revenue:













Advertising

$

27,187


$

20,736


31%


$

84,169


$

69,655


21%


Other

885


346


156%


1,796


1,042


72%


Total revenue

28,072


21,082


33%


85,965


70,697


22%


Total costs and expenses

15,297


12,224


25%


53,294


46,711


14%


Income from operations

$

12,775


$

8,858


44%


$

32,671


$

23,986


36%


Operating margin

46%


42%




38%


34%




Provision for income taxes

$

1,836


$

1,820


1%


$

4,034


$

6,327


(36)%


Effective tax rate

14%


20%




12%


25%




Net income

$

11,219


$

7,349


53%


$

29,146


$

18,485


58%


Diluted earnings per share (EPS)

$

3.88


$

2.56


52%


$

10.09


$

6.43


57%


Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2020 Operational and Other Financial Highlights

  • Facebook daily active users (DAUs) – DAUs were 1.84 billion on average for December 2020, an increase of 11% year-over-year.
  • Facebook monthly active users (MAUs) – MAUs were 2.80 billion as of December 31, 2020, an increase of 12% year-over-year.
  • Family daily active people (DAP) – DAP was 2.60 billion on average for December 2020, an increase of 15% year-over-year.
  • Family monthly active people (MAP) – MAP was 3.30 billion as of December 31, 2020, an increase of 14% year-over-year.
  • Capital expenditures – Capital expenditures, including principal payments on finance leases, were $4.82 billion and $15.72 billion for the fourth quarter and full year of 2020, respectively.
  • Cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities – Cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities were $61.95 billion as of December 31, 2020.
  • Headcount – Headcount was 58,604 as of December 31, 2020, an increase of 30% year-over-year.

In January 2021, the Board of Directors authorized incremental share repurchases of up to an additional $25 billion of our shares of Class A common stock. This authorization is in addition to the previously authorized repurchases of up to $34 billion of our shares of Class A common stock. As of the end of 2020, $8.6 billion remained on the previous share repurchase authorization.

CFO Outlook Commentary

We continue to face significant uncertainty as we manage through a number of cross currents in 2021.

We believe our business has benefited from two broad economic trends playing out during the pandemic. The first is the ongoing shift towards online commerce. The second is the shift in consumer demand towards products and away from services. We believe these shifts provided a tailwind to our advertising business in the second half of 2020 given our strength in product verticals sold via online commerce and our lower exposure to service verticals like travel. Looking forward, a moderation or reversal in one or both of these trends could serve as a headwind to our advertising revenue growth.

At the same time, in the first half of 2021, we will be lapping a period of growth that was negatively impacted by reduced advertising demand during the early stages of the pandemic. As a result, we expect year-over-year growth rates in total revenue to remain stable or modestly accelerate sequentially in the first and second quarters of 2021. In the second half of the year, we will lap periods of increasingly strong growth, which will significantly pressure year-over-year growth rates.

We also expect to face more significant ad targeting headwinds in 2021. This includes the impact of platform changes, notably iOS 14, as well as the evolving regulatory landscape. While the timing of the iOS 14 changes remains uncertain, we would expect to see an impact beginning late in the first quarter.

There is also continuing uncertainty around the viability of transatlantic data transfers in light of recent European regulatory developments, and like other companies in our industry, we are closely monitoring the potential impact on our European operations as these developments progress.

We expect 2021 total expenses to be in the range of $68-73 billion, unchanged from our prior outlook. This is driven by investments in technical and product talent as well as continued growth in infrastructure costs.

We continue to expect 2021 capital expenditures to be in the range of $21-23 billion, driven by data centers, servers, network infrastructure, and office facilities. Our outlook includes spend that was delayed from 2020 due to the impact of the pandemic on our construction efforts.

We continue to expect our full-year 2021 tax rate to be in the high-teens.

Webcast and Conference Call Information

Facebook will host a conference call to discuss the results at 2 p.m. PT / 5 p.m. ET today. The live webcast of Facebook’s earnings conference call can be accessed at investor.fb.com, along with the earnings press release, financial tables, and slide presentation. Facebook uses the investor.fb.com and about.fb.com/news/ websites as well as Mark Zuckerberg’s Facebook Page (https://www.facebook.com/zuck) as means of disclosing material non-public information and for complying with its disclosure obligations under Regulation FD.

Following the call, a replay will be available at the same website. A telephonic replay will be available for one week following the conference call at +1 (404) 537-3406 or +1 (855) 859-2056, conference ID 3993495.

Transcripts of conference calls with publishing equity research analysts held today will also be posted to the investor.fb.com website.

About Facebook

Founded in 2004, Facebook’s mission is to give people the power to build community and bring the world closer together. People use Facebook’s apps and technologies to connect with friends and family, find communities and grow businesses.

Contacts

Investors:
Deborah Crawford
[email protected] / investor.fb.com

Press:
Ryan Moore
[email protected] / about.fb.com/news/

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements regarding our future business expectations. These forward-looking statements are only predictions and may differ materially from actual results due to a variety of factors including: the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business and financial results; our ability to retain or increase users and engagement levels; our reliance on advertising revenue; our dependency on data signals and mobile operating systems, networks, and standards that we do not control; risks associated with new products and changes to existing products as well as other new business initiatives; our emphasis on community growth and engagement and the user experience over short-term financial results; maintaining and enhancing our brand and reputation; our ongoing privacy, safety, security, and content review efforts; competition; risks associated with government actions that could restrict access to our products or impair our ability to sell advertising in certain countries; litigation and government inquiries; privacy and regulatory concerns; risks associated with acquisitions; security breaches; and our ability to manage growth and geographically-dispersed operations. These and other potential risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from the results predicted are more fully detailed under the caption “Risk Factors” in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on October 30, 2020, which is available on our Investor Relations website at investor.fb.com and on the SEC website at www.sec.gov. Additional information will also be set forth in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. In addition, please note that the date of this press release is January 27, 2021, and any forward-looking statements contained herein are based on assumptions that we believe to be reasonable as of this date. We undertake no obligation to update these statements as a result of new information or future events.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

To supplement our condensed consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (GAAP), we use the following non-GAAP financial measures: revenue excluding foreign exchange effect, advertising revenue excluding foreign exchange effect and free cash flow. The presentation of these financial measures is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for, or superior to, financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP. Investors are cautioned that there are material limitations associated with the use of non-GAAP financial measures as an analytical tool. In addition, these measures may be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies, limiting their usefulness for comparison purposes. We compensate for these limitations by providing specific information regarding the GAAP amounts excluded from these non-GAAP financial measures.

We believe these non-GAAP financial measures provide investors with useful supplemental information about the financial performance of our business, enable comparison of financial results between periods where certain items may vary independent of business performance, and allow for greater transparency with respect to key metrics used by management in operating our business.

We exclude the following items from our non-GAAP financial measures:

Foreign exchange effect on revenue. We translated revenue for the three months and full year ended December 31, 2020 using the prior year’s monthly exchange rates for our settlement or billing currencies other than the U.S. dollar, which we believe is a useful metric that facilitates comparison to our historical performance.

Purchases of property and equipment; Principal payments on finance leases. We subtract both purchases of property and equipment and principal payments on finance leases in our calculation of free cash flow because we believe that these two items collectively represent the amount of property and equipment we need to procure to support our business, regardless of whether we procure such property or equipment with a finance lease. We believe that this methodology can provide useful supplemental information to help investors better understand underlying trends in our business. Free cash flow is not intended to represent our residual cash flow available for discretionary expenditures.

For more information on our non-GAAP financial measures and a reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP measures, please see the “Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Results” table in this press release.

FACEBOOK, INC.


CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(In millions, except for per share amounts)

(Unaudited)



Three Months Ended December 31,


Twelve Months Ended December 31,


2020


2019


2020


2019

Revenue

$

28,072



$

21,082



$

85,965



$

70,697


Costs and expenses:








Cost of revenue

5,210



3,492



16,692



12,770


Research and development

5,208



3,877



18,447



13,600


Marketing and sales

3,280



3,026



11,591



9,876


General and administrative

1,599



1,829



6,564



10,465


     Total costs and expenses

15,297



12,224



53,294



46,711


Income from operations

12,775



8,858



32,671



23,986


Interest and other income, net

280



311



509



826


Income before provision for income taxes

13,055



9,169



33,180



24,812


Provision for income taxes

1,836



1,820



4,034



6,327


Net income

$

11,219



$

7,349



$

29,146



$

18,485


Earnings per share attributable to Class A and Class B








common stockholders:








Basic

$

3.94



$

2.58



$

10.22



$

6.48


Diluted

$

3.88



$

2.56



$

10.09



$

6.43


Weighted-average shares used to compute earnings per








share attributable to Class A and Class B common








stockholders:








Basic

2,850



2,853



2,851



2,854


Diluted

2,890



2,871



2,888



2,876


Share-based compensation expense included in costs and








expenses:








Cost of revenue

$

120



$

90



$

447



$

377


Research and development

1,361



931



4,918



3,488


Marketing and sales

175



147



691



569


General and administrative

128



105



480



402


     Total share-based compensation expense

$

1,784



$

1,273



$

6,536



$

4,836


FACEBOOK, INC.


CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In millions)

(Unaudited)





December 31,
2020


December 31,
2019

Assets




Current assets:





Cash and cash equivalents

$

17,576



$

19,079



Marketable securities

44,378



35,776



Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $114 and $92 as of December 31, 2020 and 







2019, respectively

11,335



9,518



Prepaid expenses and other current assets

2,381



1,852




Total current assets

75,670



66,225


Equity investments

6,234



86


Property and equipment, net

45,633



35,323


Operating lease right-of-use assets, net

9,348



9,460


Intangible assets, net

623



894


Goodwill

19,050



18,715


Other assets

2,758



2,673


Total assets

$

159,316



$

133,376








Liabilities and stockholders’ equity




Current liabilities:





Accounts payable

$

1,331



$

1,363



Partners payable

1,093



886



Operating lease liabilities, current

1,023



800



Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

11,152



11,735



Deferred revenue and deposits

382



269




Total current liabilities

14,981



15,053


Operating lease liabilities, non-current

9,631



9,524


Other liabilities

6,414



7,745




Total liabilities

31,026



32,322


Commitments and contingencies




Stockholders’ equity:





Common stock and additional paid-in capital

50,018



45,851



Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

927



(489)



Retained earnings

77,345



55,692




Total stockholders’ equity

128,290



101,054


Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

159,316



$

133,376


FACEBOOK, INC.


CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In millions)

(Unaudited)



Three Months Ended
December 31,


Twelve Months Ended
December 31,


2020


2019


2020


2019

Cash flows from operating activities








Net income

$

11,219



$

7,349



$

29,146



$

18,485


Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by








     operating activities:








   Depreciation and amortization

1,863



1,468



6,862



5,741


   Share-based compensation

1,784



1,273



6,536



4,836


   Deferred income taxes

(377)



(395)



(1,192)



(37)


   Other

62



(6)



118



39


Changes in assets and liabilities:








   Accounts receivable

(3,059)



(1,697)



(1,512)



(1,961)


   Prepaid expenses and other current assets

225



577



135



47


   Other assets

(25)



(26)



(34)



41


   Accounts payable

(56)



112



(17)



113


   Partners payable

278



289



178



348


   Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

2,218



861



(1,054)



7,300


   Deferred revenue and deposits

(3)



41



108



123


   Other liabilities

(89)



(763)



(527)



1,239


Net cash provided by operating activities

14,040



9,083



38,747



36,314


Cash flows from investing activities








Purchases of property and equipment

(4,613)



(4,100)



(15,115)



(15,102)


Purchases of marketable securities

(5,737)



(4,758)



(33,930)



(23,910)


Sales of marketable securities

2,008



2,163



11,787



9,565


Maturities of marketable securities

3,260



3,104



13,984



10,152


Purchases of equity investments

(59)





(6,361)



(61)


     Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired, and purchases of












intangible assets

(5)



(445)



(388)



(508)


Other investing activities

(27)





(36)




Net cash used in investing activities

(5,173)



(4,036)



(30,059)



(19,864)


Cash flows from financing activities








Taxes paid related to net share settlement of equity awards

(1,121)



(627)



(3,564)



(2,337)


Repurchases of Class A common stock

(1,928)



(1,296)



(6,272)



(4,202)


Principal payments on finance leases

(205)



(141)



(604)



(552)


Net change in overdraft in cash pooling entities

48



37



24



(223)


Other financing activities



2



124



15


Net cash used in financing activities

(3,206)



(2,025)



(10,292)



(7,299)


Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents, and












restricted cash

314



177



279



4


Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash

5,975



3,199



(1,325)



9,155


Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of the period

11,979



16,080



19,279



10,124


Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of the period

$

17,954



$

19,279



$

17,954



$

19,279










Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash to the condensed








consolidated balance sheets








Cash and cash equivalents

$

17,576



$

19,079



$

17,576



$

19,079


     Restricted cash, included in prepaid expenses and other current












assets

241



8



241



8


Restricted cash, included in other assets

137



192



137



192


Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash

$

17,954



$

19,279



$

17,954



$

19,279


FACEBOOK, INC.


CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In millions)

(Unaudited)



Three Months Ended December 31,


Twelve Months Ended December 31,


2020


2019


2020


2019

Supplemental cash flow data








Cash paid for income taxes

$

1,107



$

2,654



$

4,229



$

5,182


Non-cash investing activities:








            Acquisition of businesses in accrued expenses and
















 other current liabilities and other liabilities

$

118



$



$

118



$


            Property and equipment in accounts payable and
















 accrued expenses and other current liabilities

$

2,201



$

1,887



$

2,201



$

1,887


Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Results


(In millions, except percentages)

(Unaudited)



Three Months Ended December 31,


Twelve Months Ended December 31,


2020


2019


2020


2019

GAAP revenue

$

28,072



$

21,082



$

85,965



$

70,697


    Foreign exchange effect on 2020 revenue using 2019










 rates

(339)





120




Revenue excluding foreign exchange effect

$

27,733





$

86,085




GAAP revenue year-over-year change %

33%





22%




Revenue excluding foreign exchange effect year-over-










year change %

32%





22%




GAAP advertising revenue

$

27,187



$

20,736



$

84,169



$

69,655


   Foreign exchange effect on 2020 advertising revenue










using 2019 rates

(332)





129




Advertising revenue excluding foreign exchange effect

$

26,855





$

84,298




GAAP advertising revenue year-over-year change %

31%





21%




Advertising revenue excluding foreign exchange effect










year-over-year change %

30%





21%












Net cash provided by operating activities

$

14,040



$

9,083



$

38,747



$

36,314


Purchases of property and equipment

(4,613)



(4,100)



(15,115)



(15,102)


Principal payments on finance leases

(205)



(141)



(604)



(552)


Free cash flow (1)

$

9,222



$

4,842



$

23,028



$

20,660












(1)  

Free cash flow in the full year ended December 31, 2020 reflects the $5.0 billion FTC settlement that was paid in April 2020.

SOURCE Facebook



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